Incinerators differ from the easier methods of burning as the operator has a greater degree of control over the burning procedure. The consequent higher temperatures, more holding times and increased turbulence lead to more complete combustion of the waste. Although a wider variety of wastes can be destroyed using high fever single or dual-chambered incinerators, determined efforts should still be taken to reduce the amount and type of waste generated and to implement other changes which would lead to reductions in air emissions. Refer to section 3 for additional information proper waste management practices and also a listing of what waste can and cannot be incinerated.
The incinerator manufacturer’s operating instructions must be followed in any way times to guarantee equipped temperature, holding time and turbulence requirements are attained and to avoid harm to the facility. When working during winter , additional care must be taken because cold air introduced into the primary and secondary chambers may make it hard for ordinary operating temperatures to be attained. Operators must be suitably trained and qualified to operate the equipment under the normal and emergency conditions. Owners are strongly encouraged to consult manufacturers or other qualified individuals with experience before purchasing an incinerator. Additional guidance on the selection of incinerator technologies and their operational requirements can be obtained by speaking to Environment Canada’s Technical Document for Batch Waste Incineration.
The setup and operation of monitoring and control systems is critical for its proper and secure operation of any incinerator. The design, installation, certification and operation of continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS) must comply with the principles explained in Environment Canada’s Protocols and Performance Specifications for Continuous Monitoring of Gaseous Emissions from Thermal Power Generation. For incinerators working in Nunavut, key operational parameters must be monitored in any way times using online tools capable of continuously measuring the combustion process and stack emissions caliber. These tools should be equipped with audible and visible alarms and be online whenever the incinerator is in operation, including’start-up’ and’cool ‘ phases. Table 3 lists the monitoring and control system requirements.